By Louis H. Berman, Lucia Blanco, Stephen Cohen
This functional, hugely illustrated booklet describes the therapy and administration of regularly encountered anxious accidents to teeth. It relates these kind of trauma to crown fractures, root fractures, luxation accidents, and exarticulations. A step by step reference, this publication additionally discusses problems which can contain surrounding tender and difficult tissues, plus those who may possibly come up in handling medically compromised patients.
* hundreds of thousands of full-color images and illustrations convey thoughts and depict case experiences and remedy outcomes.
* step by step descriptions of treatments provide "recipes" for treating sufferers in line with kind of injury.
* for every form of anxious harm, you'll research those key steps:
* find out how to practice an accurate preliminary evaluate of the problem.
* how one can ensure no matter if the sufferer suffers any similar problems.
* how you can checklist the harm and its next remedy within the sufferer record.
* tips on how to stay away from destiny difficulties through making sure that the whole teeth is handled - together with any hidden harm to the pulp or dentin.
* info on etiology and epidemiology of difficulties promotes more desirable therapy of particular accidents and conditions.
* The legislation and Dental Trauma bankruptcy explains criminal matters detailed to treating dental accidents less than emergency conditions.
* mental effect of accidents bankruptcy describes the reactions that trauma sufferers can have, and the way dentists can increase therapy by way of supplying the sufferer with emotional aid and holistic management.
* Chapters on tough tissue accidents specialize in accidents to tooth/hard tissue anatomy - and one bankruptcy examines smooth tissue administration - discussing forms of trauma and their results on surrounding oral tissues.
* Introductory bankruptcy presents an summary of themes mentioned within the book.
* 1000's of references are indexed alphabetically on the finish of every bankruptcy with examine reports and present articles for additional research.
* An interdisciplinary technique comprises periodontal, endodontic, and pediatric concerns for particular different types of injuries.
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Additional resources for A Clinical Guide to Dental Traumatology
Andreasen JO, Andreasen FM: Essentials of traumatic injuries to the teeth, ed 2, Copenhagen, 2000, Munksgaard. 15. Andreasen JO, Farik B, Munksgaard EC: Long-term calcium hydroxide as a root canal dressing may increase risk of root fracture, Dent Traumatol 18:134, 2002. 16. Bastone EB, Freher TJ, McNamara JR: Epidemiology of dental trauma: a review of the literature, Aust Dent J 45:2-9, 2004. 17. Baume LJ, Holz J: Long term clinical assessment of direct pulp capping, Int Dent J 31:251, 1981. 18.
5,34 The solution was not toxic to pulp cells, or inhibitory to healing, odontoblastoid cell formation, or dentinal bridge formation. 5% sodium hypochlorite and placed against the pulp stumps for 20 to 50 seconds. If hemorrhage persists, amputation is performed at a more apical level. 22 Once hemorrhage is controlled, a dressing of calcium hydroxide is gently placed over the amputation site or, alternatively, the pulp can be covered with a layer of MTA (Fig. 3-4). If calcium hydroxide is used, care should be taken not to push the material into the pulp because it might cause inflammation, increasing the potential for nonhealing of the procedure.
Ciucchi B, Bouillaguet S, Holz J: Dentinal fluid dynamics in human teeth in vivo, J Endod 21:191, 1995. 29. Clark DJ, Sheets GC, Paquette JM: Definitive diagnosis of early enamel and dentin cracks based on microscopic evaluation, Esthet Restor Dent 15:391, 2003. 30. Costa CA, Hebling J, Hanks CT: Current status of pulp capping with dentin adhesive systems: a review, Dent Mater 16:188, 2000. 31. Cox CF, Keall HJ, Ostro E et al: Biocompatibility of surface sealed dental materials against exposed pulps, J Prosthet Dent 57:1, 1987.