By Frances Kaplan
Considering its inception, paintings treatment has relied principally on concept "borrowed" from psychotherapeutic methods. during this provocative and unique publication on artwork remedy, Frances Kaplan outlines a systematic method of artwork remedy. Kaplan examines the connection among artwork and technological know-how, delineating the position of analysis and inspiring a spirit of enquiry in artwork treatment. She appears to be like on the newest clinical advancements, in particular these in biology, evolution, and mind technological know-how, and relates them to theories concerning the construction and interpretation of artwork. This leads her to teach how paintings therapists would get advantages from studying extra approximately neurology and the actual results of artwork at the mind, and from having the ability to practice this data of their paintings remedy perform. The medical proof offered deals help for an art-based conception of artwork treatment. by way of demonstrating the connection among disciplines that are ordinarily regarded as opposing, Kaplan demanding situations our assumptions approximately paintings treatment and concerns a decision for additional study and debate.
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Extra info for Art, Science and Art Therapy: Repainting the Picture
But in spite of the proven usefulness of cognitive-behavioral approaches in removing certain symptoms, a more serious charge can be laid at their door. Like the other two groups of approaches, they are built on flawed foundations. In common with the humanistic approaches, they tend to overemphasize environmental influences. As a consequence, the principles of learning they espouse are not entirely supported by brain 50 ART, SCIENCE AND ART THERAPY science. Gazzaniga (1992) marshals evidence that indicates there are inborn constraints on learning that guide what a child learns.
Through identical and fraternal twin studies, behavioral geneticists have found that about 40 percent of TRADITIONAL PSYCHOTHERAPY THEORIES 43 personality is due to genes, another 40 percent to environmental influences, and the remaining 20 percent to measurement error (Sulloway 1997). An interesting aspect of these figures is that only 5 percent of the environmental influences on siblings has been found to derive from a common family environment. This suggests that parental behavior has considerably less impact than has been promulgated by psychodynamic theories.
Thus it is possible to take several quick steps over a bed of coals without getting burned. Mind over matter does not enter into it! Neuroscience can help us understand the reality-based impact of mental imagery. Recent research (see Pinker 1997b for a review) has shown that the visual cortex of the brain is activated in a similar way by imagery from either the external world or the imagination. It seems logical, then, that our bodies respond to mental images as though they were things actually seen.