Download Banned in the Media A Reference Guide to Censorship in the by Herbert N. Foerstel PDF

By Herbert N. Foerstel

From colonial instances to the current, the media in the United States has been topic to censorship demanding situations and laws. This accomplished reference advisor to media censorship presents in-depth assurance of every media format?newspapers, magazines, films, radio, tv, and the Internet?all of that have been, and stay, battlegrounds for First modification matters. each one media structure is tested in-depth, from its origins and historical past via its smooth improvement, and lines dialogue of landmark incidents and instances. Foerstel, writer of Banned within the u.s., the acclaimed reference advisor to booklet censorship in colleges and public libraries, bargains a short historical past of media censorship, examines in-depth the drama of 7 landmark incidents, and contains 31 appropriate proceedings. Complementing the amount are own interviews with in demand sufferers of media censorship, who supply human voice to the fight of the media to stay loose, and an exam of censorship of the scholar press. interesting examples of media censorship abound, from Peter Zengers prerevolutionary trial for seditious libel to the trendy tobacco industrys invocation of tortious interference to silence tv information and the present rash of net censorship incidents. bankruptcy 1 bargains a short heritage of censorship of every of the media forms. bankruptcy 2 positive aspects indepth research of 7 landmark media censorship incidents: the trial of John Peter Zenger, H. L. Mencken and the hatrack case, John Henry Faulk and the radio blacklist, innovative magazines expos^De at the H-bomb mystery, govt labeling of 3 documentary movies as political propaganda, televisions tobacco wars, and Carnegie Mellons try and censor scholars entry to the web. bankruptcy three examines 31 media censorship complaints from 1735 to 1997. bankruptcy four positive factors unique interviews with media figures concerned with censorship matters or cases?Paul Jarrico, Howard Morland, Peter Sussman, Daniel Schorr, Walter Cronkite, and Jerry Berman. Appendix A takes a glance at censorship and reaction in regards to the pupil press through the Nineteen Nineties, after the landmark Hazelwood selection in 1988?an very important subject for college kids in each highschool. Appendix B includes a source record of media advocacy and censorship agencies. a specific bibliography of books and digital assets completes the textual content. This quantity is of curiosity to highschool and faculty scholars, lecturers, librarians and students, and all people who are plagued by those an important First modification concerns.

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Additional resources for Banned in the Media A Reference Guide to Censorship in the Press, Motion Pictures, Broadcasting, and the Internet

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This was voluntary in that we did not dictate the terms of the agreement, and yes, we expect everyone to comply with it," said McCain. "70 But even the networks that accepted the new system expressed fear that content-based ratings would scare off advertisers and make shows easy targets for boycotts by interest groups. Hollywood's three leading creative guilds, the Writers Guild of America, the Screen Actors Guild and the Directors Guild of America, threatened to sue to block imple- A Brief History of Media Censorship • 41 mentation of the new system if it affected producers' decisions about what is aired.

The practice of blacklisting reached its height during the McCarthy Era, when hundreds of performers were fired on the basis of rumor and innuendo (see "Television" in this chapter). A Brief History of Media Censorship • 3 I More recently, radio has increasingly been censored for its "indecent" programming, and the FCC has cited the unique social characteristics of the medium as justification for restraint on speech. The FCC applied the concept of indecency in 1970, when it fined a Philadelphia radio station for broadcasting an interview with Grateful Dead star Jerry Garcia in which he used words denoting excrement and sexual intercourse.

53 Halberstam noted that it was not just the right wing that worried broadcasters; it was the government as well. "All of this produced a desire among network executives not to do anything that might offend either the government or Madison Avenue," said Halberstam. "54 Halberstam described a "cleansing of the airwaves" that extended to the news departments, where even the reigning star of television news, Edward R. " Complaining of "the increasing timidity of his own profession and his own company," Murrow said he did not think he would be allowed to continue broadcasting much longer unless he used more and more anticommunism in his commentaries.

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