Download Bark and Wood Boring Insects in Living Trees in Europe, a by F. Lieutier (auth.), François Lieutier, Keith R. Day, Andrea PDF

By F. Lieutier (auth.), François Lieutier, Keith R. Day, Andrea Battisti, Jean-Claude Grégoire, Hugh F. Evans (eds.)

For the 1st time, a synthesis at the study paintings performed in Europe on all Bark And wooden uninteresting bugs In dwelling timber (BAWBILT) is gifted. As ultimate made from a four-year learn undertaking collecting jointly a hundred scientists from 24 international locations, the booklet is the fruit of a true collective synthesis within which all ecu experts have participated. It stories and reviews on all of the ecu literature, whereas contemplating the organic (trees, bugs, linked organisms, and their relationships) and woodland administration facets. notwithstanding, even though inquisitive about the eu woodland, it additionally compares the on hand info and interpretations to these relating comparable species in different continents. It ends with propositions of analysis priorities for Europe. The ebook is directed to all scientists and scholars inquisitive about woodland entomology and ecology, in addition to to wooded area managers and all medical public attracted to woodland biology.

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Additional resources for Bark and Wood Boring Insects in Living Trees in Europe, a Synthesis

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The accurate determination of the species involved is the basis for decision-making. Without this knowledge, actions taken could well be ineffective or erroneous. This is true for the bark beetles, which, as indicated earlier, have a variety of habits. Management and control strategies must be related to the habits of the particular species involved. In Europe, the bark beetle fauna is well known, and there are both regional and more local keys available which will allow an accurate identification of nearly all species if used with care.

9. Scolytus laevis A total of 1,500 ha was reported to be potentially threatened by this species in Slovakia, but no quantitative information on damage is available. 10. Synthesis of quantitative data on damage Table 12 provides a synthetic account of the information above. Volume Area (ha) Number of trees Period Threatened Area (ha) Species Number of countries where data available Table 12. A synthesis of quantitative data on damage caused by the "top ten" species 31,642,535 2,819,055 730,049 7,827,506 595,400 3,000,000 10,711 524 Ips typographus 10 7,640,156 1990-2001 Hylobius abietis 11 3,418,264 1980-2000 Pityogenes chalcographus 8 8,784,001 1900-2000 4 224,100 1991-2000 Ips acuminatus 7 11,135,433 1990-2000 18,109 12,850,428 2,265 Tomicus piniperda 8 14,507,433 1990-2000 8,109 12,933,205 202,235 Phaenops cyanea 5 Rhyacionia buoliana 4 Scolytus multistriatus and Scolytus scolytus 8,010,001 1990-99 327,000 1980-2000 88,258 12,839,159 20,138 5.

Germany 2,800,433 Poland 6,780,000 Romania 90,000 1991-2000 120,000 1990-99 Spain 1,100,000 3,000 1990-99 Slovakia 1990-99 Switzerland 45,000 1992-2000 Total 11,135,433 1990-2000 Area (ha) Volume (m³) Number of trees Country Period Threatened Area (ha) Table 8. Damage caused byy Ips acuminatus 12,838,000 8,109 2,028 2,235 7,400 10,000 30 18,109 12,850,428 2,265 Switzerland Spain Slovakia Romania Area (ha) Volume (m³) Number of trees 45,000 4,500,000 1990-99 120,000 1990-99 45,000 1991-2000 Portugal 1 080 800 Poland 6,780,000 Hungary 217,000 Germany 2,800,433 Total Period Country Threatened Area (ha) Table 9.

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