By F. Lieutier (auth.), François Lieutier, Keith R. Day, Andrea Battisti, Jean-Claude Grégoire, Hugh F. Evans (eds.)
For the 1st time, a synthesis at the study paintings performed in Europe on all Bark And wooden uninteresting bugs In dwelling timber (BAWBILT) is gifted. As ultimate made from a four-year learn undertaking collecting jointly a hundred scientists from 24 international locations, the booklet is the fruit of a true collective synthesis within which all ecu experts have participated. It stories and reviews on all of the ecu literature, whereas contemplating the organic (trees, bugs, linked organisms, and their relationships) and woodland administration facets. notwithstanding, even though inquisitive about the eu woodland, it additionally compares the on hand info and interpretations to these relating comparable species in different continents. It ends with propositions of analysis priorities for Europe. The ebook is directed to all scientists and scholars inquisitive about woodland entomology and ecology, in addition to to wooded area managers and all medical public attracted to woodland biology.
Read or Download Bark and Wood Boring Insects in Living Trees in Europe, a Synthesis PDF
Best trees books
In each Root an Anchor, author and arborist R. Bruce Allison celebrates Wisconsin's most vital, strange, and ancient bushes. multiple hundred stories introduce us to timber around the nation, a few striking for his or her measurement or age, others for his or her exciting histories. From tremendous elms to cherished pines to Frank Lloyd Wright's oaks, those bushes are woven into our background, contributing to our experience of position.
Forest crops upload magic to any backyard, with lush carpets of colour, foliage on the center point, and majestic top. opposite to fable, huge areas and distinctive soil usually are not required. Drawing on her personal event working a thriving wooded area nursery, the writer presents professional suggestion at the precise demanding situations of forest gardening, together with dealing with gentle degrees, selecting the best plant for the best position, and reaching the well-balanced soil constitution that's usually key to becoming quite a few wooded area crops.
This entire publication describes cork as a average product, as an commercial raw-materials, and as a wine bottle closure. From its formation within the outer bark of the cork oak tree to the houses which are of relevance to its use, cork is gifted and defined together with its actual and mechanical houses.
Nitrogen is a key aspect in atmosphere techniques. elements of neighborhood and worldwide alterations in nitrogen in either undisturbed and disturbed stipulations are mentioned. Environmental adjustments as a result of toxins from nitrogenous compounds and alterations in landuse also are defined. Organisms, vegetation, animals and microorganisms are all affecting nitrogen provide.
- Agroforestry for Natural Resource Management
- Pocket Guide to Trees & Shrubs
- Lentiviral Vector Systems for Gene Transfer
- The Ecology and Silviculture of Oaks
- Strasburger's Plant Sciences: Including Prokaryotes and Fungi
- Wildflowers of the Central South
Additional resources for Bark and Wood Boring Insects in Living Trees in Europe, a Synthesis
The accurate determination of the species involved is the basis for decision-making. Without this knowledge, actions taken could well be ineffective or erroneous. This is true for the bark beetles, which, as indicated earlier, have a variety of habits. Management and control strategies must be related to the habits of the particular species involved. In Europe, the bark beetle fauna is well known, and there are both regional and more local keys available which will allow an accurate identification of nearly all species if used with care.
9. Scolytus laevis A total of 1,500 ha was reported to be potentially threatened by this species in Slovakia, but no quantitative information on damage is available. 10. Synthesis of quantitative data on damage Table 12 provides a synthetic account of the information above. Volume Area (ha) Number of trees Period Threatened Area (ha) Species Number of countries where data available Table 12. A synthesis of quantitative data on damage caused by the "top ten" species 31,642,535 2,819,055 730,049 7,827,506 595,400 3,000,000 10,711 524 Ips typographus 10 7,640,156 1990-2001 Hylobius abietis 11 3,418,264 1980-2000 Pityogenes chalcographus 8 8,784,001 1900-2000 4 224,100 1991-2000 Ips acuminatus 7 11,135,433 1990-2000 18,109 12,850,428 2,265 Tomicus piniperda 8 14,507,433 1990-2000 8,109 12,933,205 202,235 Phaenops cyanea 5 Rhyacionia buoliana 4 Scolytus multistriatus and Scolytus scolytus 8,010,001 1990-99 327,000 1980-2000 88,258 12,839,159 20,138 5.
Germany 2,800,433 Poland 6,780,000 Romania 90,000 1991-2000 120,000 1990-99 Spain 1,100,000 3,000 1990-99 Slovakia 1990-99 Switzerland 45,000 1992-2000 Total 11,135,433 1990-2000 Area (ha) Volume (m³) Number of trees Country Period Threatened Area (ha) Table 8. Damage caused byy Ips acuminatus 12,838,000 8,109 2,028 2,235 7,400 10,000 30 18,109 12,850,428 2,265 Switzerland Spain Slovakia Romania Area (ha) Volume (m³) Number of trees 45,000 4,500,000 1990-99 120,000 1990-99 45,000 1991-2000 Portugal 1 080 800 Poland 6,780,000 Hungary 217,000 Germany 2,800,433 Total Period Country Threatened Area (ha) Table 9.