By Stuart Brown
Eu philosophy from the past due 17th century via lots of the eighteenth is greatly conceived as `the Enlightenment', the interval of empirical response to the good 17th century Rationalists.
This quantity starts with Herbert of Cherbury and the Cambridge Platonists and with Newton and the early English Enlightenment. Locke is a key determine in overdue chapters, because of his value either within the improvement of British and Irish philosophy and due to his seminal impact within the Enlightenment as an entire. British Philosophy and the Age of Enlightenment comprises dialogue of Scottish Enlightenment and its effect at the German Aufklarung, and hence on Kant. French suggestion, which in flip affected the overdue radical Enlightenment, specially Bentham, is usually thought of here.
This survey brings jointly transparent, authoritative chapters from prime specialists and gives a scholarly advent to this era within the historical past of philosophy. It incorporates a thesaurus of technical phrases and a chronological desk of vital political, philosophical, clinical and different cultural occasions.
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Extra resources for British Philosophy in the Age of Enlightenment (Routledge History of Philosophy, Volume 5)
The argument discussed sympathetically and at length in the Dialogues is an argument from experience. Hume was more thorough-going in his empiricism than Locke, in whom, as we have seen, it is possible to detect rationalist elements. But this is not to say that Locke was inconsistent inasmuch that such elements are compatible with a broad empiricism. Insofar as empiricism was widespread in the eighteenth century, it was of the broader sort. 46 Though it is natural to extend the demand that arguments are only drawn from experience into ethics and natural theology, there is no necessity to do so.
See my ‘The Regularization of Providence in Post-Cartesian Philosophy’, in R. ), Religion, Reason and Nature, Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic, forthcoming. ‘Rationalism’ is often used as a close synonym of ‘deism’. Bernard Williams, in his entry on ‘Rationalism’ in the Encyclopedia of Philosophy, ed. Edwards, New York, Macmillan, 1967, acknowledges Enlightenment ‘rationalism’ and ‘rationalism in theology’ as ‘two other applications’ of the term in addition to the philosophically most important one, namely, to refer to ‘the philosophical outlook or program which stresses the power of a priori reason to grasp substantial truths about the world’ (op.
Some apology is due for the overall emphasis on what is commonly referred to as ‘British philosophy’. But the attention to English early Enlightenment figures, such as Newton and Locke, is easily justified, since they were important influences on the Enlightenment elsewhere. Philosophy flourished in Britain and Ireland in the eighteenth century. 4 The opening chapter focusses on the Cambridge Platonists, in whose thought the Enlightenment emphasis on reason and toleration is already prefigured.