By Pen-Chi Chiang, Shu-Yuan Pan
This e-book makes a speciality of an incredible expertise for mineralizing and using CO2 rather than liberating it into the ambience. CO2 mineralization and usage tested within the waste-to-resource provide chain can “reduce carbon dependency, advertise source and effort potency, and reduce environmental caliber degradation,” thereby decreasing environmental hazards and lengthening financial advantages in the direction of Sustainable improvement objectives (SDG). during this ebook, finished info on CO2 mineralization and usage through speeded up carbonation expertise from theoretical and functional concerns was once offered in 20 Chapters. It first introduces the idea that of the carbon cycle from the thermodynamic viewpoint after which discusses rules and functions concerning environmental influence evaluation of carbon trap, garage and usage applied sciences. After that, it describes the theoretical and functional concerns for “Accelerated Carbonation (Mineralization)” together with analytical equipment, and systematically offers the carbonation mechanism and modeling (process chemistry, response kinetics and mass move) and approach research (design and research of experiments, lifestyles cycle overview and price profit analysis). It then presents physico-chemical homes of other kinds of feedstock for CO2 mineralization after which explores the valorization of carbonated items as eco-friendly fabrics. finally, an fundamental technique for waste remedy and source restoration is brought, and the carbonation procedure is significantly assessed and optimized in accordance with engineering, environmental, and monetary (3E) research. The e-book is a worthwhile source for readers who take clinical and functional pursuits within the present and destiny Accelerated Carbonation Technology for CO2 Mineralization and Utilization.
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Extra resources for Carbon Dioxide Mineralization and Utilization
Rather, it is the introduction of innovative technologies for cleaner production that could reduce the use of materials and energy. Carbon utilization and valorisation can achieve a real carbon cycle toward environmental sustainability. After CO2 capture process, the concentrated CO2 can be either utilized directly, or converted and transformed into other products, as shown in Fig. 5. , (1) direct utilization and (2) conversion and transformation, are briefly illustrated. , states of matter) between gas, liquid, solid, and supercritical fluid.
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2 Key Parameters Affecting Productivity Numerous external and internal factors will signiﬁcantly affect algal growth and productivity in the open pond systems, including the following: • Environmental factors: location of the cultivation system, rainfall, solar radiation, etc. • Engineering factors: pond depth, CO2 delivery system, methods of mixing, power consumption, etc. • Biological factors: light, pH, oxygen accumulation, salinity, algal predators, etc. 3 presents the aforementioned factors affecting algal growth, biomass accumulation, and production for most algae in open ponds.