Download China's Buddhist Culture by Fang Li-tian PDF

By Fang Li-tian

This ebook elaborates and elucidates the options and features of China's Buddhist tradition with distinctive emphasis on features: (1) the ancient evolution of chinese language Buddhism in addition to similar historical books, files, easy doctrines, platforms and protocols, and recognized old and cultural websites; and (2) the impact of Buddhism on such facets of chinese language tradition as politics, ethics, philosophy, literature and paintings, and folks customs, in addition to the variations and similarities among Buddhism and either Confucianism and Taoism. This e-book additional summarizes the constitution, middle ideals, inner and exterior kin, root of evolution, and peculiarity of China's Buddhist tradition approach. This e-book goals to supply an in-depth realizing of the historic prestige of Buddhism and its vital function within the evolution of chinese language culture.

KEY FEATURES
- Written through the best students of Buddhism in mainland China.
- Elaborates at the impression of Buddhism on chinese language politics, ethics, philosophy, literature, artwork, and folks customs.
- offers an in-depth realizing of the old prestige of Buddhism and its very important position within the evolution of chinese language culture

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Sample text

The Zen School believed that the nature of man was originally pure and contained the wisdom of bodhi or prajñā; therefore, it directly pointed at the pure nature that everyone originally had, preaching to know minds and nature and attain Buddhahood accordingly. The Zen School promoted the idea that living beings did not attain Buddhahood just because they had been confused by illusions and thus failed to enlighten themselves. Once they were enlightened by some people who were familiar with Buddhist truths, they would get rid of all their illusions, knowing their pure original nature immediately and attaining Buddhahood by themselves.

In response to the objections raised by He Wuji, Hui Yuan in his writings An Essay on Sramaņa’s Bare Shoulder (Shamen Tanfu Lun) and Reply to General He (Da He Zhen-nan Shu) pointed out that the Indian custom differed from the Chinese custom and that the śramaņa could not be considered a lay man, and stressed that everything Buddhism and Chinese Ethics | 39 in the world would, if the humanity of Confucianism and compassion of Buddhism were followed, become alike and not differ in terms of superiority, inferiority, fortune, or misfortune.

The conflict between the Buddhist concept of ethics and morality and the Confucian concept of moral obligations has been the biggest challenge to traditional Chinese cultural ideology, ethnic psychology, and folk customs. The vast divide between the two ideologies has been the cause of continuous conflict and debate. During its spread across China, Buddhism had to ceaselessly confront, adjust, and resolve the contradictions that arose. Buddhism was restricted and influenced by the political and economic situations existing in autocratic Chinese society in ancient times.

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