By Diana Lee-Smith, International Development Research Centre (Canada), Axumite G. Egziabher, Daniel G. Maxwell
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Additional resources for Cities Feeding People: An Examination of Urban Agriculture in East Africa
The three wards that were selected in Kinondoni District encompass about 2 700 ha (27 km2). This district is a small part of the larger Dar es Salaam metropolitan area, which covers 1 393 km2. A small area was chosen to examine in some detail the dynamics of VA activities in open spaces within the built-up areas in the city. Sampling The structured questionnaire was developed on the basis of the unstructured interviews. Originally, a sample comprising 360 urban farmers was planned, based on the assumption that at least 20 respondents could be obtained to match six types of expected urban farmers in each ward.
The unfolding evidence should gradually lead the community of humanitarian organizations and others to review conventional food aid approaches and incorporate UA into more sustainable and cost-effective food security strategies. In an urban planning perspective, surveys systematically point to the fact that the area or space effectively being used by UA activities is very much greater than conventional classifications and land-use maps may capture. Urban planning also needs to recognize that UA is virtually ubiquitous because it is remarkably adaptive and mobile.
Distribution (%, N = 260) of urban farmers by region (or country) of birth. Table 7. Proportion (%, N = 260) of urban farmers by major ethnic group or cluster and general geographical area in Tanzania. However, several studies of UA have shown that most urban farmers are well established migrants (Sanya1 1984; Rakodi 1988; Freeman 1991) and the results from Dar es Salaam are consistent with such findings. Of the total number of farmers interviewed, about 16% were nonmigrants. Almost 50% of the respondents migrated to Dar es Salaam between 1971 and 1980 (Table 8).