Download Class and State in Early Modern France: The Road to by David Parker PDF

By David Parker

Class and country in Early smooth France explores the industrial, social, ideological and political foundations of French Absolutism. David Parker's not easy interpretation offers French Absolutism as a remarkably winning try and safeguard the political and ideological constructions of the conventional order.
This reassessment runs opposite to a lot revisionist historiography, rejecting the frequent tendency to regard French Absolutism both as an tool of capitalism or political modernisation. It additionally discusses a few contentious matters comparable to the agrarian foundations of capitalism, the connection among classification and standing, in addition to the constitution and beliefs of absolutely the nation itself. it will likely be of curiosity to early glossy historians of France, Britain and Europe.

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85 He suggested that ‘as purchase of office became more widespread, a whole bourgeois class…came into its own’. 86 This untidy thread, which Braudel left trailing across his rich and evocative tapestry, is a telling pointer to the difficulties of defining the French bourgeoisie and its relationship to the state. The most precise attempt to do this has been made by Lublinskaya who argued that the 17 APPROACHES TO FRENCH ABSOLUTISM royal victory over the Huguenots in the 1620s was made possible by the growth of capitalism.

26 APPROACHES TO FRENCH ABSOLUTISM Within the framework of this approach it is possible to bring together a number of seemingly antagonistic perspectives. A view is thus offered of the way in which class conflict interacted with the tensions which flowed from ‘vertical’ patterns of allegiance. It will be apparent that my picture of the state which emerged from these conflicts also owes much to the tendency, shared by writers of differing perspectives, to explain absolutism in terms of an equilibrium of contrary forces rather than as a monolithic structure.

125 The state of the ancien regime was neither feudal nor capitalist but reflected the distinctive combination of modes of surplus extraction. 126 Ironically, the persistent reductionism of Marxist treatments of absolutism has left Marxism with very little to say about the formation and shape of the state. There is a huge gap between functional representations of absolutism and the real state which emerged out of the travails of religious war and the intense social and economic pressures of the early modern period.

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