By Christopher Shields
Classical Philosophy is a accomplished exam of early philosophy from the presocratics via to Aristotle. the purpose of the booklet is to supply an evidence and research of the information that flourished at the present and considers their relevance either to the ancient improvement of philosophy and to modern philosophy this present day. From those rules we will see the roots of arguments in metaphysics, epistemology, ethics and political philosophy.
The ebook is prepared in 4 components through philosopher and covers:
The Presocratics Socrates Plato Aristotle Christopher Shields' variety is inviting, fresh and perfect for an individual coming to the topic for the 1st time. He presents a balanced account of the important themes and concepts that emerged from the interval and comprises beneficial additional examining and bankruptcy overviews.
Read or Download Classical Philosophy: A Contemporary Introduction (Routledge Contemporary Introductions to Philosophy) PDF
Similar philosophy books
Are looking to be crafty? chances are you'll want you have been extra shrewdpermanent, extra versatile, in a position to minimize a number of corners with out getting stuck, to dive every now and then into iniquity and floor clutching a prize. you have to roll your eyes at these slaves of responsibility who play by means of the foundations. otherwise you may perhaps imagine there's whatever sleazy approximately that stance, no matter if it does appear to repay.
Environmental tradition and the concern of reason
Culture as opposed to techno-optimism: cause to the rescue?
Adding ecology: ecohumanities perspectives
1 The ecological predicament of reason
The penguin’s story
Modern heirs of rationalism
Dualism and monetary rationalism
Blindspots of rationalism: the fisheries case
A gendered schedule: neither rational, ecological or ethical
2 Rationalism and the anomaly of science
The double face of science
Disengagement as sado-dispassionate practice
The subject/object divide and the paradox of science
Resolving the paradox of technological know-how: integrating the ‘two cultures’
Anthropocentrism and anthropomorphism
3 The politics of ecological rationality
The rationality of the EcoRepublic
The politics of rationality
Remoteness and decision
Remoteness, autarchy and spatial scale
4 Inequality and ecological rationality
Liberal democracy and ecological rationality
Beyond liberal democracy: deliberative modifications
Beyond deliberative democracy
The ecological rationality of procedural and participatory democracy
5 The blindspots of centrism and human self-enclosure
Rationalism and human-centredness
The logical constitution of centrism
A parallel liberation version of anthropocentrism
Economic centrism: nature as classification and resource
The centric parallel as a pragmatic model
Otherising as an obstacle to justice
The prudential blindspots of anthropocentrism
6 Philosophy, prudence and anthropocentrism
Is demanding anthropocentrism beside the point and unhelpful?
Is human-centredness inevitable? The limitation of prudential argument
Is human-centredness inevitable? The argument from standpoint
Selfishness and cosmic irrelevance
Recognition, prudence and survival
7 The ethics of commodification
Commodification and person/property dualism
Minimalist methodologies of closure
Animal rights and vegetarian duties
Rationalism, manufacturing unit farming and use/respect dualism
8 in the direction of a dialogical interspecies ethics
Decentring human-centred ethics
Ranking, dualism and heterogeneity
Ranking and interspecies egalitarianism
Framework stances and the parable of mindlessness
Intentionality and ethical value
The intentional reputation stance and non-humans
Opening up interspecies ethics
Communicative interspecies ethics
9 team spirit, harmony and deep ecology
The foundation of team spirit: id or difference?
Solidarity and oppressive ideas of unity
Unity and the political conception of deep ecology
The ecological enlightenment of the fellow of property
Is there an eco-socialist deep ecology?
10 in the direction of a materialist spirituality of place
Is spirituality extra fundamental?
‘Materialism’ and spirit/matter dualism
Trickster spirituality: the realm as agent
Place-based spirituality as oppositional practice
- Nietzsche's Last Laugh: Ecce Homo as Satire
- The Importance of Time: Proceedings of the Philosophy of Time Society, 1995–2000
- Hegel's Absolute: An Introduction to Reading the Phenomenology of Spirit
- Nietzsche and the Question of Interpretation
- Hegel, Love and Forgiveness Positive Recognition in German Idealism (Pickering Studies in Philosophy of Religion) by Liz Disley
- The Cambridge Companion To Rousseau
Additional info for Classical Philosophy: A Contemporary Introduction (Routledge Contemporary Introductions to Philosophy)
Or, what is excellence? 9 Meno claims first that the virtue of a man consists in his ability to manage civic affairs and to benefit his friends while harming his enemies; the virtue of a woman consists in her managing her home well while being submissive to her husband; and the virtues of children, the elderly, and slaves are different again. ”10 Socrates’ response to this first attempt has both methodological and substantive consequences. He quips that although he had asked for one virtue, he has been beset by an entire swarm by Meno’s response.
On the contrary, this is precisely what he accepts when he contrasts what exists by convention with what exists in reality. If he finds himself in some ways cut off from a reality inaccessible to the senses, then this can only be due to the fact that there is a reality independent of his encountering it in sense perception, one which exists objectively and prior to his experiences of it. Things take a radical new direction with the advent of the Sophistic Movement, especially given the tendencies of its most famous and formidable practitioner, Protagoras (c.
We might speak of a doctor’s primary virtue as consisting in her diagnostic technique or of a certain lawyer’s virtue as residing more in his rhetorical abilities than in his fastidious research, but we also speak more narrowly of virtues of character associated with moral probity. So, the doctor is excellent in one way, the lawyer in another, and exceptionally moral persons in still another. If a man now claims to teach excellence as such, one might well want to know before offering him payment exactly Socrates 33 what that payment will purchase.