Download Cognitive Processing in Bilinguals by Richard Jackson Harris (Eds.) PDF

By Richard Jackson Harris (Eds.)

This number of 33 papers represents the most up-tp-date considering andresearch at the examine of cognitive processing in bilingual members. Thecontributors contain famous figures within the box and promising newscholars, representing 4 continents and paintings in dozens of languages.Instead of the social, political, or academic implications ofbilingualism, the focal point is on how bilingual humans (mostly adults) thinkand procedure language.

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Extra resources for Cognitive Processing in Bilinguals

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Cattell concluded that bilinguals may pay a cognitive price for being able to communicate in two languages, ‘These numbers show that foreign languages take up much time even after they have been learned, and may lead us once more to weigh the gain and loss of a polyglot mental life” (Cattell, 1887, p. 70). From that time until the 1950s there were no psychological experiments on bilingualism. Any discussions of bilingual memory or performance during these sixty years were treated as educational or linguistic issues.

W. Keatley of the literature. An important question is whether bilinguals actually d o keep their languages apart, or whether there are subtle differences between bilinguals and monolinguals which demonstrate influences across languages. These question are taken up in later sections of this survey. ) Transfer of Learning and Interference Across L a n g u a E In the 1970s a number of studies inspired by Learning Theory models were conducted to examine whether learning in one language transferred to another language system.

Marsh and Maki (1976) found a similar result History of Bilingualism Research in Cognitive Psychology 29 when measuring the time bilinguals needed to compute answers to simple mathematical problems: they computed much faster in their preferred language. These experiments all demonstrated that bilingual subjects process information more quickly in their first language. However, this did not address the question of whether bilinguals are also slower or less efficient in their first language than monolinguals.

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