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By Wolfgang Schneider

The continual Casting 2000 symposium keeps the culture tested in 1976 of maintaining general occasions. This millennium occasion, in spite of the fact that, is the 1st foreign assembly of the sequence. the purpose is to spotlight the significance of constant casting - of aluminum, copper and magnesium - to the overseas fabricating undefined, concentrating on technological advances in all of the sectors which are vital for the manufacture of top of the range non-stop solid items.

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This paper presents the results of the model experimental researches regarding the inert gas bubble dimension formed inside of the metal baths at the inert gas injection through three types of injection systems. The experimental researches regarding the size and distribution of the gas bubbles formed by inert gas injection in molten metals were made in order to establish the dependence of these factors on the used injection system, and also on the technological parameters specific to metallic bath refining process by inert gas injection.

This slag can be used with base refractories. Another system is based on CaF2-CaO-MgO-SiO2 this slag shows the same behaviour as the ”Calcium-ferrite” slag but with a lower solubility for Copper oxide. Also investigated by researchers were salt slags that are mainly based on Sodium carbonate (Na2CO3) but also on other alkaline carbonates like Lithium carbonate (Li2CO3) andPotassium carbonate (K2CO3). They are very effective refining slags, but they all attack ”usual” refractories of the Copper industry.

The latest advances in filtration technology is the development of surface active filter systems starting in the mid 1990s. By the formation of active surfaces inside the filter itself the effectiveness for the separation of small inclusions was significantly improved. For the filtration of molten metals the same laws apply as for aqueous dispersions. Two different kinds of filtration have to be distinguished: cake and bed filtration. Usually both filtration types occur combined and happen successively.

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