By B.K. Kaushik, V. Ramesh Kumar, Amalendu Patnaik
The booklet presents actual FDTD versions for on-chip interconnects, masking latest developments in fabrics and layout. in addition, reckoning on the geometry and actual configurations, diverse electric similar versions for CNT and GNR dependent interconnects are offered. in response to identical types the functionality comparability one of the Cu, CNT and GNR-based interconnects also are mentioned within the ebook. The proposed types are proven with the HSPICE simulations.
The ebook introduces the present examine state of affairs within the modeling of on-chip interconnects. It offers the constitution, homes, and features of graphene established on-chip interconnects and the FDTD modeling of Cu dependent on-chip interconnects. The version considers the non-linear results of CMOS motive force in addition to the transmission line results of interconnect line that incorporates coupling capacitance and mutual inductance results. In a extra reasonable demeanour, the proposed version contains the impression of width-dependent MFP of the MLGNR whereas bearing in mind the sting roughness.
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Additional info for Crosstalk in Modern On-Chip Interconnects: A FDTD Approach
The le and ce can be expressed as lej ¼ l0 lr H w and ce ¼ e0 er w H ð2:28Þ The interlayer mutual inductance (lm) and coupling capacitance (cm) are mainly due to the magnetic and electric ﬁeld coupling between the adjacent layers. The lm and cm can be expressed as ¼ ljÀ1;j m l0 d ; w j ¼ 2; 3; . ; N ð2:29aÞ cjÀ1;j ¼ m e0 w ; d j ¼ 2; 3; . ; N ð2:29bÞ The analysis of signal propagation along an MLGNR with Nlayer leads to the solution of a 2N-dimensional system of differential equations that can be highly time-consuming.
Depending on termination of their width, GNRs can be divided into chiral and nonchiral GNRs. The chiral GNRs can be further classiﬁed as armchair (ac) or zigzag (zz) GNRs as shown in Fig. 13a, b, respectively. It can be noted that the terms “armchair” and “zigzag” are used for both GNRs and CNTs. However, these nomenclatures are used in opposite ways. For GNRs the terms armchair and zigzag indicate the pattern of the GNR edge, whereas for CNTs the same terms indicate the CNT circumference. Therefore, the unrolled armchair CNT can be visualized as a zigzag GNR and vice versa.
They observed that the conductance of MLGNR is much higher than Cu, W, and CNTs when proper intercalation-doped MLGNRs are used. Nishad et al.  presented the analytical time domain models for the performance analysis of top contact and side contact MLGNR interconnects. Based on the analytical models, they designed an optimum top-contacted MLGNR interconnect that exceeds the performance of Cu and optical interconnects. The crosstalk-induced signal transmission analysis of MLGNR interconnects was performed by Cui et al.