By Ritva Leppihalme
This paintings specializes in translators and readers as contributors within the communicative technique, the place using allusions is one form of challenge to be solved. Reader-response exams and interviews with specialist translators spotlight the trouble in conveying the functionality and that means of allusive passages to readers in one other tradition. the numerous examples mentioned additionally offer fabrics for translation lecturers desirous to handle the interpretation of allusions of their classes.
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Additional info for Culture Bumps: An Empirical Approach to the Translation of Allusions (Topics in Translation , No 10)
There is clearly a practical need for this trend: the increasing internationalisation of our world means that communication across cultures needs to proceed as smoothly as possible, without too many hitches and breakdowns. The new interdisciplinarity shows that 'both the translator and the translation theorist are... concerned with a world between disciplines, languages and cultures' (Snell-Hornby, 1988: 35; emphasis in the original), and with texts in their larger context, situational and cultural.
For the sender/author, ST readers are doubtless the primary target group in mind during the writing process, and the eventuality of a TT readership is a secondary consideration. Even the possibility of a section of primary readers belonging to another language culture than the majority may not often be taken into account by senders even though Western societies are becoming increasingly multicultural. One example of belated recognition of such cultural variety in readers (of untranslated texts) occurs in an article (Maddox, 1992) in the scientific journal Nature, commenting on a recent experience of communicative failure in that journal.
But if this article were to be translated for the readers of a business magazine in another country, targeting economists, engineers, executives, investors ... what would their reaction be to the introduction of a foreign children's story to a serious article on a serious subject? Instead of the allusion making the meaning easier to grasp, it might confuse the issue when translated. The translation of allusions thus involves two language cultures as well as literary and pragmatic aspects on the textual level.