By Ulrich Lins (auth.)
This publication examines the increase of the overseas language Esperanto, introduced in 1887 as a proposed an answer to nationwide conflicts and a route to a extra tolerant international. The chapters during this quantity learn the placement of Esperanto in jap Europe throughout the chilly struggle; specifically it explores Stalin’s ultimate years and the slow re-emergence of the Esperanto circulate. first and foremost, its revival was once constrained to the satellite tv for pc international locations, specifically Bulgaria and Poland, yet, with Stalinism’s slow retreat, Esperanto companies reappeared in so much East eu nations and at last within the Soviet Union itself. The growth was once asymmetric, and its information display the stresses and traces that turned obvious because the cohesion of the Soviet bloc declined. This publication will entice a large readership, together with linguists, historians, political scientists and others attracted to the background of the 20 th century from the bizarre point of view of language. This quantity is complemented by way of the sister quantity Dangerous Language — Esperanto below Hitler and Stalin which bargains a focus at the production and early emergence of Esperanto as a global language.
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Extra info for Dangerous Language — Esperanto and the Decline of Stalinism
22 But a month after his meeting with the Esperantists, Barbusse died. In spite of everything, SEU did not lose courage. In December 1935, a few months after the Antwerp congress and the conversation with Barbusse, the internal newsletter of the IPE Center in Leningrad provided a glimpse of SEU’s way of dealing with the authorities. When failure to receive its paper quota prevented it from publishing textbooks and its journal, the association, to expedite a decision, presented the authorities with a simple alternative: that ‘it disband or that it become a subsidized organization’.
17 Neither Skrypnyk nor Drezen lived to see the day (and Spiridovich was in prison18), when intensive teaching of Russian began in Ukraine. By 1937–38, the advance of all-Soviet patriotism, strongly promoted as of 193419 and accentuating the common interest of all Soviet peoples for the building of socialism and the victory against internal and external enemies, could no longer be halted. The Russian language was raised to the rank of common language for all Soviet peoples. It was now officially considered ‘the language of a great people, who have created the world’s richest socialist culture, with Leninism as its greatest achievement’.
From this time on, a non-Russian communist sought to prove his or her loyalty to Moscow by fluency in Russian. 14 In response to Mykola Skrypnyk, the Ukrainian People’s Commissar of Education, he had warned that the Esperanto movement ‘can move forward only on the basis of the broader development of national cultures and languages’. To believe that matters would develop differently ‘would be to rely on the idea of the assimilation of nations, and therefore also their languages, by more powerful nations’.