By Douglas Biber
Douglas Biber's new booklet extends and refines the study and method mentioned in his ground-breaking version throughout Speech and Writing (1988), and provides for the 1st time a diachronic measurement. In it he offers a linguistic research of check in in 4 extensively differing languages: English, Nukulaelae Tuvaluan, Korean, and Somali. awesome similarities in addition to alterations emerge, permitting Biber to foretell for the 1st time cross-linguistic universals of check in edition.
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Extra info for Dimensions of Register Variation: A Cross-Linguistic Comparison
Other recent programmatic articles, however, have noted the importance of overall changes in the register system of a language and have called for comprehensive historical analysis of these developments. For example: The register range of a language is one of the most immediate ways in which it responds to social change. The difference between developed and undeveloped languages (Ferguson, 1968) is fundamentally one of register range, and language contact, which contributes to language development .
In the case of the LOB Corpus, books were randomly selected from the 1961 publications listed in The British National Bibliography Cumulated Subject Index, 1960-1964 (which is based on the subject divisions of the Dewey Decimal Classification system), and periodicals and newspapers were randomly selected from the publications listed in Willing's Press Guide, 1961. A tagged version of the LOB Corpus became available in the late 1980s. These two corpora of written texts are complemented by the LondonLund Corpus of Spoken English (Svartvik and Quirk 1980; Svartvik 1990).
An early study comparing spoken and written registers is Blankenship (1962), which analyzed the lectures and published writing of public figures, focusing on linguistic features marking complexity (such as sentence length and passives). In a more elaborate study, Blankenship (1974) compared six spoken and written registers with respect to a wide variety of linguistic features, including word length, sentence length, type-token ratio, adjectives, and prepositions. In an influential series of articles, Chafe (1982; Chafe and Danielewicz 1986) compared four spoken and written registers: dinner-table conversations, personal letters, lectures, and academic papers.