Download Empirical Social Choice: Questionnaire-Experimental Studies by Wulf Gaertner, Erik Schokkaert PDF

By Wulf Gaertner, Erik Schokkaert

Seeing that Aristotle, many various theories of distributive justice were proposed, via philosophers in addition to social scientists. the common strategy inside social selection conception is to evaluate those theories in an axiomatic manner - more often than not the reader is faced with summary reasoning and logical deductions.

This ebook exhibits that empirical insights are beneficial if one desires to follow any thought of justice within the genuine global. It does so by way of confronting the most theories of distributive justice with info from (mostly) questionnaire experiments. The booklet begins with an intensive dialogue on why empirical social selection is sensible and the way it may be performed. It then offers a variety of experimental effects with regards to theories of distributive justice, together with the Rawlsian fairness axiom, Harsanyi's model of utilitarianism, utilitarianism with a ground, responsibility-sensitive egalitarianism, the claims challenge and equity in well-being.

Show description

Read Online or Download Empirical Social Choice: Questionnaire-Experimental Studies on Distributive Justice PDF

Similar philosophy books


Are looking to be crafty? you may want you have been extra shrewdpermanent, extra versatile, in a position to reduce a number of corners with no getting stuck, to dive on occasion into iniquity and floor clutching a prize. you want to roll your eyes at these slaves of responsibility who play by means of the principles. otherwise you may possibly imagine there's whatever sleazy approximately that stance, no matter if it does appear to repay.

Environmental Culture: The Ecological Crisis of Reason

Environmental tradition and the problem of reason
Culture as opposed to techno-optimism: cause to the rescue?
Adding ecology: ecohumanities perspectives

1 The ecological quandary of reason
The penguin’s story
Modern heirs of rationalism
Dualism and fiscal rationalism
Blindspots of rationalism: the fisheries case
A gendered schedule: neither rational, ecological or ethical

2 Rationalism and the paradox of science
The double face of science
Disengagement as sado-dispassionate practice
The subject/object divide and the paradox of science
Resolving the anomaly of technological know-how: integrating the ‘two cultures’
Anthropocentrism and anthropomorphism

3 The politics of ecological rationality
The rationality of the EcoRepublic
The politics of rationality
Remoteness and decision
Remoteness, autarchy and spatial scale

4 Inequality and ecological rationality
Liberal democracy and ecological rationality
Beyond liberal democracy: deliberative modifications
Beyond deliberative democracy
The ecological rationality of procedural and participatory democracy

5 The blindspots of centrism and human self-enclosure
Rationalism and human-centredness
The logical constitution of centrism
A parallel liberation version of anthropocentrism
Economic centrism: nature as category and resource
The centric parallel as a realistic model
Otherising as an obstacle to justice
The prudential blindspots of anthropocentrism

6 Philosophy, prudence and anthropocentrism
Is demanding anthropocentrism inappropriate and unhelpful?
Is human-centredness inevitable? The limitation of prudential argument
Is human-centredness inevitable? The argument from standpoint
Selfishness and cosmic irrelevance
Recognition, prudence and survival

7 The ethics of commodification
Commodification and person/property dualism
Minimalist methodologies of closure
Animal rights and vegetarian duties
Rationalism, manufacturing facility farming and use/respect dualism

8 in the direction of a dialogical interspecies ethics
Decentring human-centred ethics
Ranking, dualism and heterogeneity
Ranking and interspecies egalitarianism
Framework stances and the parable of mindlessness
Intentionality and ethical value
The intentional acceptance stance and non-humans
Opening up interspecies ethics
Communicative interspecies ethics

9 solidarity, cohesion and deep ecology
The foundation of team spirit: id or difference?
Solidarity and oppressive recommendations of unity
Unity and the political concept of deep ecology
The ecological enlightenment of the fellow of property
Is there an eco-socialist deep ecology?

10 in the direction of a materialist spirituality of place
Is spirituality extra fundamental?
‘Materialism’ and spirit/matter dualism
Human-centred spiritualities
Indigenous critiques
Trickster spirituality: the realm as agent
Place-based spirituality as oppositional practice

11 end

Extra resources for Empirical Social Choice: Questionnaire-Experimental Studies on Distributive Justice

Sample text

The interpersonal welfare ranking now reads: ðy; 4Þðy; 3Þðy; 2Þðx; 4Þðx; 3Þðx; 2Þðx; 1Þðy; 1Þ: Which alternative should be picked in your view, x or y? (c) Add another child to the situation (person 5), who could also receive an instruction in languages and the natural sciences out of the given budget. Everything else remains the same and the interpersonal welfare ranking reads: ðy; 5Þðy; 4Þðy; 3Þðy; 2Þðx; 5Þðx; 4Þðx; 3Þðx; 2Þðx; 1Þðy; 1Þ: Would you want x or y to be realized? The issue is to allocate a certain amount of money to provide some help for a handicapped person (alternative x) or to teach one 46 t r a d i t i o n a l q u e s t i o n s i n s o c i a l c h o i c e (or several) intelligent child(ren).

In the second variant, presented to a different sample of students, the situation was rewritten in such a way that the underlying issue was not needs but rather subjective tastes. More specifically, Jones and Smith now differ in their tastes for grapefruit and avocados which immediately affects their willingness-to-pay. 2: A shipment containing 12 grapefruit and 12 avocados is to be distributed between Jones and Smith. 00 per pound. He detests avocados, so he never buys them. 50 per pound. * Jones and Smith are in the same income-tax bracket.

44 t r a d i t i o n a l q u e s t i o n s i n s o c i a l c h o i c e The situation that we shall present and discuss now can be found on the internet together with several other cases. The structure of all situations is similar to the one in our E1 ; E2 ; . . profiles above. There is always one (group of) person(s) who is worst-off under both alternatives x and y and, therefore, needier than the others. That person is better-off under x than under y whereas all the other (groups of) individuals who are introduced successively are better-off under y than under x.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.35 of 5 – based on 26 votes