By Joan C. Beal
English nowa days describes the advance of the English language from 1700 till 1945, and argues that it really is during this later smooth English interval that the features of 'modern' English evolved.
content material: glossy English and glossy occasions --
The vocabulary of later sleek English --
Recording and regulating the lexicon : dictionaries from Dr. Johnson to the Oxford English dictionary --
Syntactic swap in later glossy English --
Grammars and grammarians --
Phonological swap in later glossy English --
Defining the normal of pronunciation : saying dictionaries and the increase of RP --
past regular English : sorts of English within the later smooth period.
summary: English nowa days describes the advance of the English language from 1700 until eventually 1945, and argues that it's during this later glossy English interval that the features of 'modern' English developed
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Extra resources for English in Modern Times: 1700-1945 (Hodder Arnold Publication)
1 shows, the progress of lexical innovation in this period is not so straightforward. There appears to be a ‘trough’ which bottoms out in the middle of the eighteenth century, followed by a steep rise between 1780 and 1840 and a fall in the last 20 years of the nineteenth century. How can this be explained? 1 is based. The numbers of lexical innovations for each decade are taken from the Chronological English Dictionary (CED), which in turn took its information from the Shorter Oxford English Dictionary (SOED).
Technological and scientiﬁc inventions, trade, exploration and colonization all brought speakers of English into contact with phenomena which had not previously been named in their language. We might expect to see a steady growth in the vocabulary of English throughout this period, as the pace of ‘progress’ accelerates. 1 shows, the progress of lexical innovation in this period is not so straightforward. There appears to be a ‘trough’ which bottoms out in the middle of the eighteenth century, followed by a steep rise between 1780 and 1840 and a fall in the last 20 years of the nineteenth century.
Like today’s ‘trendy vicars’, the young readers of Swift’s time were attempting to display what would now be termed ‘street cred’ by their use of slang terms, all of which could be found in the ‘cant’ dictionaries of the time. Swift’s conservatism is echoed by Addison in the Spectator 165, 8 September 1711. Like Swift, Addison uses a letter as a means of satirizing the fashion for adopting French words, and blames the war for this. Addison produces a letter written to his father by a young man serving in the army.