This e-book addresses 9 appropriate questions: Will inhabitants progress lessen the expansion cost of consistent with capita source of revenue since it reduces the in step with capita availability of exhaustible assets? How approximately for renewable assets? Will inhabitants development irritate degradation of the traditional setting? Does extra quick progress decrease employee output and intake? Do speedy development and bigger density bring about productiveness profits via scale economies and thereby increase according to capita source of revenue? Will speedy inhabitants progress decrease in step with capita degrees of schooling and healthiness? Will it elevate inequality of source of revenue distribution? Is it a massive resource of work difficulties and town inhabitants absorption? And, ultimately, do the commercial results of inhabitants development justify govt courses to minimize fertility that transcend the supply of family members making plans services?
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This publication addresses 9 correct questions: Will inhabitants development lessen the expansion price of in line with capita source of revenue since it reduces the according to capita availability of exhaustible assets? How approximately for renewable assets? Will inhabitants progress irritate degradation of the traditional atmosphere? Does extra speedy development lessen employee output and intake?
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Extra info for Population Growth and Economic Development: Policy Questions
Khan can find no other explanation for these disturbing trends than the rapid increase in population combined with institutional rigidities. Ghatak and Ingersent (1984) raise the question of whether it is realistic to speak of possibilities for adopting new technologies in response to population pressure in countries like Bangladesh, where labor is already extremely intensively used. The populationpush model of technical change in agriculture initially proposed by Boserup (1965) may have no technological stages left to offer a country in which agrarian density is already very high.
Even if slower population growth did defer the date of any given stage of resource depletion, it does not follow that it would increase the number of people who had enjoyed low resource prices. It is more likely that slower population growth would simply stretch a more-or-less fixed queue of resource users more thinly over time. While this could, in principle, provide more time for serendipitous technological advances in resource extraction or substitution, we do not find this an important factor relative to price-driven technological change.
But land tenure systems are not always smoothly accommodating. The Economic Commission for Africa (1984) notes that efforts to change such systems in Burundi, Comoros, and Zaire have met with considerable resistance on the part of individual farmers and tribal groups. By fostering the evolution of property rights that are conducive to conservation, population growth is likely to result eventually in better land protection as institutions adapt. In the meantime, however, it is possible that rapid population growth will exacerbate the tendency for a too rapid rate of land degradation on common lands.