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The Bank is particularly targeting research to find ways to boost yields, while protecting the environment, in areas of growing and increasingly dense populations. Together with more than forty other donors, the Bank, through the Consultative Group for International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), is also identifying ways to improve livestock and food crops. Page 25 One particularly promising technology being pursued by the Bank and being introduced into a number of projects involves a deep-rooted grass called vetiver.

In the case of tribes that have sought greater interaction with outsiders, Bank policy is aimed at facilitating their development while preserving their identity and protecting their individual and collective rights to ancestral lands and the natural resources upon which they depend. The guidelines direct the staff to ascertain whether tribal agencies or other responsible groups in developing countries are able to protect indigenous peoples as projects proceed. If not, the Bank must provide support to that end or forgo the project.

The Bank and some of its borrowers in Latin America and West Africa are discussing the possibilities for future loans that will finance changes in such policies. Forestry components are included in many types of projects, particularly those for agriculture and energy. Free-standing social forestry projects, which produce fuelwood, fodder, and building materials, seek to incorporate forests into the daily lives of communities. A project in Uganda provides incentives for the sustainable use of forests through technical assistance and the planting of seedlings.

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