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By A.K. Narain

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The significance of a subject matter isn't really regularly proportionate to the quantity of fabric which has survived approximately it. within the early a part of the eighteenth century cash of the Greco-Bactrians have been discovered they usually prompt to Theophilus Bayer the plan of his paintings, Historia regni Graecorum Bactriani, released at St. Petersburg in 1738. And precisely 2 hundred years later, in 1938, seemed the paintings of Dr. (now Sir) William Woodthorpe Tarn, The Greeks in Bactria and India, of which a moment variation got here out in 1951. The heritage of the Indo-Greeks is in itself an extended tale of laborious learn and no paintings might be kept away from paying due credits to the investigations of James Prinsep, Christian Lassen, Horace Hayman Wilson, Alexander Cunningham, Percy Gardner, Alfred von Sallet, Hugh George Rawlinson, Charles J. Rodgers, Edward James Rapson, George Macdonald, John Marshall, Richard Bertram Whitehead, John Allan, and so on. the current booklet ventures in simple terms to stick to of their footsteps and it truly is principally end result of the a examine in their works. yet i've got additionally been lucky in getting clean details which has given a few additional power to my conclusions. in particular noteworthy are the invention of a hoard of Indo-Greek cash from Qunduz mendacity not noted within the Kabul Museum; the book of an account of a outstanding treasure of cash of the Indo-Greeks and their successors discovered at Mir Zakah in Afghanistan; the invention of a brand new manuscript of the Yugapurāṇa; and the expanding variety of the Mitra kings and different neighborhood powers recognized from their cash to have governed over northern India. i've got additionally been rewarded in interpreting previous Sale Catalogues, that have given a few coin-types hitherto neglected via students. My reexamination of a few passages of the western classical resources has led to unforeseen effects. equally a brand new learn of the chinese language facts has thrown strikingly new gentle at the difficulties of the period.

It may be tricky for something to be written at the Indo-Greeks now or in destiny and not using a thorough interpreting of Sir William's publication, and scholars needs to eternally be grateful to him for the carrier he has performed to either classical and Oriental studying by way of his scholarly paintings. even though my very own interpretation of the proof doesn't enable me . . .

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P. rs:a. , pp. 152-3. • Tam, p. 140. , p. in/ra,pp. ~ This brilliant reconstruction would indeed be remarkable if it were based on more solid foWldations. <~ Meanwhile we examine the evidence on which Tarn bases his claim for Demetrius l's farreaching conquests. As far as the Western classical sources are concerned there are only two passages which refer to a certain Demetrius in connexion with India. 8 Another point which is manifest from the passage in Justin is that Eucratides could successfully outmanceuvre with only 300 men a king who had a large • Tam, p.

LnNC, 1923, p. 318, Whitehead saysthatthe bilingual silver tetradrachm is not from the Kabul lind. ' We have no other example of such unparalleled disinterestedness on the part of a king who was ambitious enough to emulate Alexander, but chose to record the most important event of his career only on the coins of an insignificant son. : Here we need only say that no coins of Demetrius I have been reported as found in the Kabul valley, and that the bilingual coins belong to another Demetrius, whoever he may have been; we have no reason to believe that he struck coins under instructions from Demetrius I.

Agathodes). , p. j'. Marshall, Taxi{a, cf. his Preface, p. xix. M. Rostovtzeff, The Social and Ec~c History of tht H t llt nbtic World, 3 vols. See especially portion~ on Bactria. There are many other scholars who have accepted the ~ubstance of Tam's story. ~ Infra, Ch. IV. stin, xli. 6. ' 1 Justin, :di. ' , Polybius, :ri. 39· GRECO-BACTRIAN POWER " force-though the number 6o,ooo seemsgrosslyexaggerated1-and that this Demetrius fought him alone. The second passage is in Strabo,z who quotes Apollodorus of Artemita that, More tribes were subdued by them' than by Alexander-mostly4 by Menander, (at least if he actually crossed the Hypanis towards the east and advanced as far as the lmaus), for some were subdued by him personally and others by Demetrius, the son of Euthydemus the king of the Bactrians; and they took possession, not only of Patalene but also, on the rest of the coast, of what is called the kingdom of Saraostus and Sigerdis.

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