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By Edward A. McCord

This exact examine bargains a brand new interpretation of the emergence of warlordism in early twentieth-century China. targeting the provinces of Hunan and Hubei, Edward McCord indicates how the repeated use of the army to settle disputes over the constitution and allocation of political strength within the early Republic finally thwarted the consolidation of civil authority. Warlordism flourished as army commanders took benefit of the turning out to be militarization of politics to set up their dominance over early Republican government.McCord's learn brings into sharp concentration the social and political context of warlordism and is an important bridge finishing the narrative of occasions among innovative eras. With the position of the army in sleek chinese language politics receiving renewed cognizance at the present time, this paintings is mainly well timed.

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The Power of the Gun: The Emergence of Modern Chinese Warlordism

This certain learn deals a brand new interpretation of the emergence of warlordism in early twentieth-century China. targeting the provinces of Hunan and Hubei, Edward McCord indicates how the repeated use of the army to settle disputes over the constitution and allocation of political energy within the early Republic finally thwarted the consolidation of civil authority.

Extra info for The Power of the Gun: The Emergence of Modern Chinese Warlordism

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As a result of Zhang Zhidong's efforts, the number of literate men among the rank and file of the Hubei New Army, and not just in the officer corps, was greater than in any other province. Without the literate common soldiers who initiated it, the Wuchang uprising would not have occurred when it did, if at all. i... seen first in Hubei and then in Hunan did not necessarily hold true for later provinces joining the revolution. New Army action in support of the revolution in other provinces was usually led directly by military-school graduates in the officer corps.

The combination of the social composition of the Hubei New Army and the individual motivations of its officers and men helps explain Hubei's special position as the cradle of the 1911 Revolution. As a result of Zhang Zhidong's efforts, the number of literate men among the rank and file of the Hubei New Army, and not just in the officer corps, was greater than in any other province. Without the literate common soldiers who initiated it, the Wuchang uprising would not have occurred when it did, if at all.

121] In the wake of the uprising, Jiao had extravagantly promised military promotions to all those who had participated in it, including officerships for all New Army soldiers. [122] Fewer promotions, however, were given to the soldiers and officers of units who had been sent away from Changsha before the uprising. This became a cause of resentment among these units after their return to the city. [123] Many men in the New Army also shared the general elite concern about Jiao's plans to raise a secret-society army.

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